Diseases Linked To High Cholesterol

Cholesterol

Cholesterol is a fatty substance known as a lipid.  It’s vital for the formation of cell membranes, vitamin D, and certain hormones.

There are two main sources of the cholesterol in your blood:

  • cholesterol in the food your eat
  • cholesterol produced by your liver

Eating too many foods that contain high amounts of fat increases the risk of high cholesterol, also called hypercholesterolemia or hyperlipidemia.

The waxy buildup of cholesterol in your blood can mis with other substances and develop into what’s called plaque.  Plaque then starts to line your blood vessels, restricting the normal flow of blood through your body.  That creates the foundation for chronic and possibly life-threatening conditions.

High cholesterol is associated with an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease.  That can include coronary heart disease, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease.  High cholesterol has also been linked to diabetes and high blood pressure.

What are the symptoms of high cholesterol?

High cholesterol typically doesn’t cause any symptoms.  In most cases it only causes emergency events.  For instance, a heart attack or stroke can result from the damage caused by high cholesterol.

A blood test is the only way to know if your cholesterol is too high.  This means having a total blood cholesterol level above 240 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL).

Your doctor may also suggest to have your cholesterol checked more frequently if you have a family history of high cholesterol, or if you demonstrate the following risk factors:

  • have high blood pressure
  • are overweight
  • smoking
Cholesterol-Symptoms
Heathy Eating
Happy-Living

Causes of high cholesterol

Poor Diet

Eating saturated fat, found in animal products, and trans fats, found in some commercially baked cookies and crackers and microwave popcorn, can raise your cholesterol level.  Foods that are high in cholesterol, such as red meat and full-fat dairy products, will also increase your cholesterol.

Obesity

Having a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or greater puts you at risk of high cholesterol.

Lack of exercise

Exercise helps boost your body’s HDL, or “good” cholesterol, while increasing the size of the particles that make up your LDL, or “bad” cholesterol, which makes it less harmful.

Smoking

Cigarette smoking damages the walls of your blood vessels, making them more prone to accumulate fatty deposits.  Smoking might also lower your level of HDL, or “good” cholesterol.

Age

Because of your body’s chemistry changes as you age, your risk of high cholesterol climbs.  For instance. as you age, your liver becomes less able to remove LDL cholesterol.

Diabetes

High blood sugar contributes to higher levels of a dangerous cholesterol called very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) and lower HDL cholesterol.  High blood sugar also damages the lining of your arteries.

The following conditions are linked to high cholesterol:

 1.  Atherosclerosis

High cholesterol increases the risk of developing a condition called atherosclerosis.  Your arteries get rigid and hard because they fill with plaque.  Atherosclerosis, also known as hardening of the arteries, can lead to other conditions that could cause pain, a heart attack, or a stroke.

2.  Heart Disease

There’s a link between high cholesterol and several diseases that affect your heart and its system of blood vessels.  High cholesterol is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease.  If plaque builds up in an artery that carries blood to the heart, you could have a heart attack.  If only part of the artery is blocked, you may develop chest pain known as angina.  A narrowed artery can become completely blocked by a blood clot.

3.  Stroke

High cholesterol increases your changes of having a stroke because it can lead to atherosclerosis.  Brain cells will die if plaque blocks blood flow to the brain.  That’s a stroke.  The result could be weakness in an arm or leg or trouble talking.  This could be permanent.

4.  High blood pressure

When high  cholesterol causes atherosclerosis, the heart has to work much harder to push blood through stiff arteries.  This raises your blood pressure.  Smoking greatly increases the effect of high cholesterol on blood pressure.

5.  Type 2 Diabetes

People with type 2 diabetes are more likely than others to develop high cholesterol.  Diabetes raises the levels of cholesterol and fats in the blood.  That’s true even if your diabetes is well controlled.  Diabetes can raise the levels of low-density lipoprotein.  that’s the “bad” type of cholesterol.  It also can lower the levels of high-density lipoprotein, the “good” type of cholesterol.

How can I lower my cholesterol level?

The first step in reducing your cholesterol is to maintain a healthy, balanced diet.  It’s important to keep your diet low in fatty food.

You can swap food containing saturated fat for fruit, vegetables and wholegrain cereals.  This will also help prevent high cholesterol returning.

Cholesterol-Levels

Dietary cholesterol is found in animal products, such as meat, eggs, and dairy.  To help treat high cholesterol, your doctor may encourage you to limit your intake of high-cholesterol foods.  Examples of products containing high levels of cholesterol:

  • fatty cuts of red meat
  • liver and other organ meats
  • eggs, especially the yolks
  • high-fat dairy products, such as full-fat cheese, milk, ice cream and butter
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How will Chaya help you?

Ethanolic extracts of Chaya “Cnidoscolus Aconitifolius” has a significant antihyperlipidemic effect.  Hyperlipidemia is considered to be a major risk factor for the premature atherosclerosis and essentially the cholesterol in atherosclerotic plaque is derived from that of circulatory cholesterol.  The antihyperlipidemic effect on Ethanolic extracts of Chaya in particular could be considered as a therapeutic value.

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