All about Gout

Gout Problems

Gout is one of the few treatable and preventable forms of arthritis, an umbrella term for dozens of conditions that cause inflammation in the joints.

What causes gout?

The buildup of uric acid in your blood from the breakdown of purines causes gout.

Certain conditions, such as blood and metabolism disorders or dehydration, make your body produce too much uric acid.

A kidney or thyroid problem, or an inherited disorder, can make it harder for your body to remove excess uric acid.

Gout and you health
X-Ray Knee

Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of gout almost always occur suddenly, and often at night.  They include:

  • Intense joint pain.  Gout usually affects the large joint of you big toe, but it can occur in any joint.   Other commonly affected joints include the ankles, knees, elbows, wrists, and fingers. The pain is likely to be most severe within the first four to 12 hours after it begins.
  • Lingering discomfort.  After the most severe pain subsides, some joint discomfort may last from a few days to a few weeks. Later attacks are likely to last longer and affect more joints.
  • Inflammation and redness.  The affected joint or joints become swollen, tender, warm and red.
  • Limited range of motion.  As gout progresses, you may not be able to move your joints normally.

Gout foods to avoid

Certain foods are naturally high in purines, which your body breaks down into uric acid.  Most people do not have a problem with high-purine foods.  But if your body has trouble releasing excess uric acid, you may want to avoid certain foods and drinks, such as:

  • red meats
  • organ meats
  • certain seafood
  • alcohol

Sugar-sweetened beverages and foods containing the sugar fructose can also be problematic, even though they do not contain purines.
Heathy Eating

Prevention

During symptom-free periods, these dietary guidelines may help protect against future gout attacks:

Gout Problems Knee
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It participates in regulation of acid-base balance and blood pressure, excretion of the non-protein nitrogenous compounds, such as urea and uric acid, elimination of endogenous toxic waste agents.

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